The American Freedom Train

Routes of the Locomotives
The American Freedom Train toured the USA from April 1, 1975 through December 31, 1976 to commemorate the United States Bicentennial. The train was pulled by three different steam locomotives. Each locomotive pulled the train through a different part of the country. Each of the steam locomotives were restored specifically for the purpose of pulling this train.

Several locomotives were considered (but not used) for pulling the American Freedom Train including:

The American Freedom Train began is journey in Wilminton, DE on April 1, 1975 and concluded its journey in Miami, FL on December 31, 1976.

SP 4449 AFT
The locomotives that were restored to pull the American Freedom Train were:

Southern Pacific GS-4 4-8-4 number 4449


Reading 2101 AFT (photo by Harv Hahn)

Reading T-1 4-8-4 number 2101


T&P 610 AFT (photo by Joe McMillan)

Texas and Pacific I-1a 2-10-4 number 610


The Preamble Express

Delaware & Hudson 2312
UP 951 William Lang Photo
Prior to the running of the Freedom Train in 1975, another train evaluated the planned route in 1974. This train was called the Preamble Express and was pulled by two different diesels.
  1. Delaware & Hudson U23B 2312
    • Built 1968 (#36814).
    • Later renumbered 1776 and served as one of the D&H's Bicentennial-themed diesels.
    • Became Maine Central 291.
    • Scrapped in 1988.
  2. Union Pacific E-9A 951
    • Pulled out of retirement
    • Used beginning in Omaha on Augest 11, 1974.